Articles Asia Politics & Governance

Telltale Signs of Fascism in Modi’s India

Image Credits: Saurabh Das/AP
India, Pakistan, Kashmir, Hindutva, Human Rights, United Nations

This is the first time in Indian history that an oppressive power is about to materialize its fascist objectives through the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the mouthpiece and political wing of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) – the most notorious of the Sangh Pariwar. On various instances BJP’s rule has been associated to fascists movements of Hitler and Mussolini by various Indian political scientists such as Professor Achin Vanaik, Arundhati Roy and A.G Noorani. This association has become more prominent after Prime Minister Narendra Modi revoked the Articles 370 and 35-A of the Indian Constitution which altogether changed the status of Jammu and Kashmir. Although the scrapping of the Articles 370 and 35-A took place earlier this year in August, the idea was put in to work about a century ago by MS Golwalker and VD Savarkar. Entirely modeled on totalitarian ideas, the RSS is rejoicing after the unlawful annexation of Jammu and Kashmir because it is calling it the most vital success in making India the ‘Akhand Bharat’.

This association has become more prominent after Prime Minister Narendra Modi revoked the Articles 370 and 35-A of the Indian Constitution which altogether changed the status of Jammu and Kashmir. Although the scrapping of the Articles 370 and 35-A took place earlier this year in August, the idea was put in to work about a century ago by MS Golwalker and VD Savarkar.

The rational and impartial opinion of Indian intellectuals and critics on the issue mentioned above has been recognized by the international intellectual circle and mainstream media. What is common in their opinion of the whole scenario is Modis comparison to dictators of the past.

The author of ‘Article 370, A Constitutional History of Jammu and Kashmir,’ A.G Noorani state that Article 370 was enacted in the Indian Constitution on 17th October 1949, after prolonged negotiations between Union of India and Jammu and Kashmir. He further says in his book that the State of Jammu and Kashmir is the only State in the Union of India which negotiated the terms of its membership with the Union. This constitutional fact shows the unique status of Jammu and Kashmir. This legitimacy was also endorsed by P. Chidambaram in 2010 who acknowledged on the floor of Rajya Sabha that the Kashmir issue is a unique problem which requires a unique solution and that includes nothing but winning the hearts and minds of Kashmiri people. Another prominent instance is of Gulrazi Lal Nanda who said almost the same thing a half century ago on the floor of Lok Sabha that ‘the only way of taking the Constitution of India into Jammu and Kashmir is through the application of Article 370; it is a tunnel. It is through this tunnel that a good deal of traffic has already passed and more will.’

A.G Noorani argues that until the triangular dispute of Jammu and Kashmir is not redressed, it will keep on haunting regional peace and security. He emphasized that Article 370, without its spirit will not be acceptable neither by Kashmiris nor by Pakistan. This constitutional argument by an Indian author and lawyer endorsed that Jammu and Kashmir is a disputed territory and at the same time apprehends the possibility of any unlawful move which has now illegally materialized.

Moreover, a research study conducted by Economic and Political Weekly (EWP) tells the whole scheme of Hindutva and Narendra Modi’s steps to make India only for Hindus through his populist tactics. It says that the manifesto of BJP in 2019 elections was Modi’s tagline of ‘one mission, one direction and one country’ which permitted the Swayamsewaks to use despotism to oppress the minorities particularly Muslims. It predicted that Modi’s scheme is heading towards caging the Kashmiris. Suhas Palshikar another intellectual contends that BJP has changed the Indian political culture from a secular democracy to that of authoritarianism and seeds of this authoritarianism are being sowed in Jammu and Kashmir. If he does not let go of these tactics there will be more inhumane repercussions in Kashmir valley than those at the time of Hitler.

Arundhati Roy, a famous novelist and political commentator said that ‘we are up against a fascist regime in India’ and the unilaterally breached Instrument of Accession is nothing but turning the valley in a giant prison camp for the reincarnation of a fascist genocide.

Arundhati Roy, a famous novelist and political commentator said that ‘we are up against a fascist regime in India’ and the unilaterally breached Instrument of Accession is nothing but turning the valley in a giant prison camp for the reincarnation of a fascist genocide. She further agonized that seven million Kashmiris are barricaded in their homes, internet connections are cut and their phones are going dead. She says, cruelty is dancing in the Indian streets and horrifying misogyny is viral on the internet. She wrote, Manohar Lal Khattar, Chief Minister of the state of Haryana joked ‘Our Dhakarji used to say we will bring in girls from Bihar. Now they say Kashmir is open, we can bring girls from there.’ In her recent article in New York Times she said, ‘amid these vulgar celebrations the loudest sound, however, is the deathly silence from Kashmir’s patrolled, barricaded streets and its approximately seven million caged, humiliated people, stitched down by razor wire, spied on by drones, living under a complete communications blackout. In this age of information, a government can so easily cut off a whole population from the rest of the world for days at a time.’

It should be remembered that this unlawful annexation has been done when the Prime Minister, President and Vice President of India are Swayamsevaks (Members of RSS). This has a twofold manifestation of historical realities that have been ignored and denied by various people when Mr. Jinnah parted his ways with Congress and started to lead Muslims of India for a separate homeland under his visionary leadership. Today, those who ignored Jinnah’s vision are confessing that they made a historic blunder. There is always a collective cost attached to historic blunders.

So, the hard question is what is going to happen next or what Narendra Modi is likely to do? History of fascist regimes tell that Modi is repeating in Jammu and Kashmir what Hitler has done with Jews in Germany. Fundamentally, this riddle is a two headed monster, ethnic concentration and ethnic cleansing. In retrospect, all such administrations had carried out the aforementioned sadistic tactics in order to execute their genocidal plans, thus Narendra Modi and his Pierre Jamaels (fascists) are not an exception. Professor Achin Vanaik of Jawahirlal University of Delhi has been constantly alarming the population about Hindutva authoritarianism since 1997 by calling it Saffron terror and fascist warriors. If the international community is still unable to take action, we are looking at a mass genocide, and possibly the physical extermination of all Kashmiris.

Khaqan Ahmad

Khaqan Ahmad

has done M.Phil in International Relations from the National Defense University, Islamabad. Currently, he is working as a Research Associate at the CSCR.

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