Assessing Emerging Cooperation and Conflict Among China, Iran, and Russia

Key Points:

  • The increasing economic, defence and security cooperation between China, Iran and Russia is being perceived by the West and its allies as a concerning development.
  • Amidst converging interests, the three states share several mutual security concerns, such as counterterrorism, maritime security, and Iran’s nuclear program.
  • Despite key similarities, including an authoritarian approach at home, fissures exist within these partnerships at the bilateral levels.
  • There is potential for cooperation and conflict between China, Iran, and Russia regarding security, energy, political, and diplomatic alignment.

Natasha Khan

Natasha Khan is a graduate of Peace and Conflict Studies, NUST, Islamabad. Her research focuses include discourse analysis, defense and security, and international relations. She serves as a Research Assistant at the Centre for Strategic and Contemporary Research.

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