Post-Ceasefire Afghanistan: Opportunities and Challenges for Pakistan

Key Points:

  • For Pakistan, Afghanistan as a peaceful neighbour presents the prospects of regional connectivity and bilateral economic partnership, delineating economic and political dividends for both Pakistan and Afghanistan.
  • Pakistan needs to exert a consistent yet measured pressure on the Afghan Taliban to commit to human security and develop a conciliatory outlook with the Afghan government.
  • Islamabad ought to forgo its historical security-centric approach. Bilateral trade can serve as a suitable premise for establishing a working relationship with the politically negotiated Kabul government.
  • Pakistan may face several challenges in Afghanistan, including cross-border terrorism, decreasing market share in Afghanistan, and the Islamic State’s presence there. Also, refugees’ repatriation and Pakistan’s proxy warfare with India are crucial issues.
  • Considering the linguistic and cultural similarity between Pakistan and several Afghan ethnicities, Pakistan can initiate research and development projects based on primary resources.
  • Despite Pakistan’s active contribution in the Afghan peacemaking process, a long-term engagement with Afghanistan hinges on Islamabad’s peacebuilding efforts there.


Maryam Raashed

Maryam Raashed is a Research Assistant at the Centre for Strategic and Contemporary Research. She is a graduate of International Relations from National Defence University, Islamabad.

  • Tariq parvez Reply

    March 2, 2021 at 8:00 pm

    An excellent article Maryam

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